The Next Business Meeting of our 2022-23 season will be held on Wednesday,
MAY 3, 2023 AT 10:00 AM
AT: FICKLIN HALL, FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
OF LITTLETON, 1609 WEST LITTLETON BLVD
(park in the side lot on Windermere St., and enter through the side door.)
(Note: There are no business meetings in December, or in June, July, and August.
OUR SPRING LUNCHEON WILL BE HELD
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 2023 AT 11:30 am,
AT FOX HOLLOW GOLF COURSE
AT 11:30 AM
Details to follow as we get closer to the date.
THOSE BRINGING REFRESHMENTS
TO THE BUSINESS MEETINGS FOR
REMAINDER OF 2023 SEASON:
FEBRUARY REFRESHMENTS: Fredia Cox, Betty Carr
MARCH REFRESHMENTS: Shirley Conrad, Connie Cawlfield
APRIL REFRESHMENTS: Richard Simpson, Joan Zivic
MAY REFRESHMENTS: Beth Collins, Patti Brougham
Paint Box Guild
Business Meeting Minutes April 5, 2023
President, Evelyn Rockett, called the meeting to order at 10:05am
Vice-President, Shirley Conrad, was in attendance.
Secretary, Patti Brougham, sent the March Business Minutes to Suzanne Maxwell, who posted them on the website. Members were unable to get an individual copy, due to computer problems.
Treasurer, Linda Lippert, paid the rent to the church up to and including May. Our balance is $1350.64.
Membership Chair, Richard Simpson, revealed the membership is down to 36 members. There is no waiting list. Let him know if you know of anyone who wants to join.
Workshop Chairs, Susan Yeager and Nancy Smith, provided the information for the April Workshop with Pam Hake. She paints abstractly with acrylics. Her work can be viewed at Sync Gallery. Susan will send out a materials list.
Last month’s workshop with Patricia Barr Clark proved to be a day of learning about color and helpful hints from the artist.
Exhibits Chair, Linda Libby shared a full list of present and upcoming events:
NOW HANGING: El Mason Restaurant, Belmar Library and Littleton Hospital-Check the website (paintboxguildlittleton.org) for further information.
UPCOMING: May Juried PBG Show; Dean Buehler, juror; Bemis Library- May 1st drop off at 10:00 am with a $10 entry fee for 1-2 paintings (8 by 10 minimum) a painting is eligible if it has not received a previous award from PBG, gallery wrapped canvas 2 inch minimum is also approved- reception Sunday, May 7, 2-4 PM ( Pam Mason coordinator ) take down May 31st 10:00AM
St. Andrew’s Methodist Church June 16 ( 8-9 drop off and will hang that day from 9-12- help needed- Theme is “Look What God Has Made”- maybe a June 18 reception?-take down July 26th 4:30-6:30
Malley Center- second week of September- may bring your painting to the September business meeting and Linda will transport and hang it.
Parker Library-October-Linda will collect paintings
Lone Tree Recreation Center- November 40 paintings needed
Parker Hospital or Castlerock Hospital- January-March
Denver Community Credit Union
We will be required to hang paintings in two shows and the juried show is allowed to be counted as one of the requirements.
A gallery wrapped canvas or panel of 2” is allowed
There will be 6 shows available for PBG members to exhibit.
Social Chair, Joan Zivic, reminded us once again that the June Luncheon will be held at Fox Hollow Restaurant. Menu, sign up and payment due at the May meeting.
Refreshments Chair, Pam Mason, is passing around a sheet for members to volunteer for the PBG Juried Show reception in May.
Spotlight Chair, Beth Narva, thanked everyone who graciously accepted and spoke in the Spotlight section of our meetings. She will be calling on artists in the future to tell us about their artistic journey.
Sunshine Chair, BJ McLean has been busy sending cards.
Webmaster and Designer, Suzanne Maxwell, is posting new information on our website ( paintboxguildlittleton.org ) every day. Please check for business meeting minutes, more explicit exhibit information, members’ gallery and much, much more.
Librarian, Sharon Chin, had no report.
Facebook Facilitator and Historian, Connie Cawlfield, is leaving our group and a new person is needed to take her place.
Publicity Chair is still open.
Summer Plein Aire Chairs, Mary Ellen Wolf and Donna Hartman are ready to put member’s summer gardens on the list, if anyone would like to display their beautiful flowers for us to paint/. Thanks to Monique Moore
for bravely stepping up in June. Other suggestions include animals like horses and/or hiring a clothed model.
Fall Trip is still in the making with Sue Williams. Old Business——none
Patti Brougham has a new email address for just art and PBG firstname.lastname@example.org
Merrie Wicks and Richard Simpson plus 3 other artists will be part of a Pop Up Art Show at The Depot for the first week in May. Reception- May 5th 4-6pm
The new board for the 2023-2024 was voted in:
President, Joan Zivic
Vice-President, Shirley Conrad
Secretary, Patti Brougham
Treasurer, Linda Lippert
12:00 meeting ended
Notes respectively submitted by Patti Brougham
PAINT BOX GUILD
MARCH 1, 2023 BUSINESS MEETING MINUTES
President, Evelyn Rockett, called the meeting to order at 10:03 am.
Our annual pizza party is next month and Joan Zivic is making it happen. Please mark your pizza choice on the paper on the front table.
Vice President, Shirley Conrad, was present and taking note of those who signed in for the meeting.
Secretary, Patti Brougham, sent out the February minutes but the second page was not received. It contained the new business ideas discussed including:
The approval of an increase for our workshop presenters
The approval of an increase for the artist who juries our annual show
Treasurer, Linda Lippert, reported a balance of $1592.51
Membership Chair, Robert Simpson, reported our Guild has 36 members.
He introduced Rochelle White, our newest member.
Workshop Coordinator, Nancy Smyth, announced that Patricia Barr Clark is the guest artist for March. She will be painting in watercolor, “The Colors of Spain”, and will be talking about color, value, negative space and composition. She will have references to use but your own photos can be used. The materials list will be sent out by Nancy.
The February workshop with Andy Mallen produced many wonderful pet portraits from it’s attendees, thanks to her generous tips.
Business meeting attendees ( a quorum ) An idea tossed around was to limit our workshops to the months that are more likely to have better weather, i.e. October, April and May. It was also suggested that we have an artist come to demo his/her techniques after our business meeting. Stay tuned!
Exhibit Chair, Linda Libby, related that today the Guild will hang 15-20 paintings at the El Mason Restaurant.
Roseanne Gomez sold 3 paintings at the Goodson Recreation Center last month and related that our group hung only 10 paintings when there was room for 14.
Paintings can be dropped off at the Belmar Library on April 3 at 5:30pm for the month of April.
April 4 at 10:00 am- hanging at Littleton Hospital. The theme for this show is “Spirituality” meaning any subject matter that is up lifting. Paintings are to be dropped off outside where Linda and Sue will be stationed. The hospital strongly requests that we do not hang around after the painting is checked in. Linda Libby needs to have a photo of your painting and all the information to include on the card by Friday, March 17th.
St. Andrew’s Church is from June16-July 21. The theme is “Spirituality”. We will need 40 to 60 paintings plus things to fill the display cabinet, i.e. crafts, jewelry etc. The Church’s ambition is to become the Art Center for Highland’s Ranch. Check Exhibits on the PBG website for details.
In April, Monique Moore will send the Prospectus for the May PBG Annual Show to members. A $10.00 entry fee is in place and members may enter1 or 2 paintings for this price. On May 7th, a reception will be held and Pam Mason is putting the event together. Members, please be ready to bring goodies.
Social Director Joan Zivic will be bringing the information for our Spring luncheon at Fox Hollow.
Be sure to show up with your checkbook to pay for your epicurean delight.
Refreshments Chair, Pam Mason, thanked those who brought goodies.
Spotlight Chair, Beth Narva ( Merrie Wicks ) did not happen because the spotlight person was ill.
Sunshine Chair, BJ McLean has been busy sending cards.
Webmaster, Suzanne Maxwell ( Shianne DeTamble and Freda Cox ) has no report.
Facebook Facilitator and Historian, Connie Cawfield had no report.
Publicity Chair is open.
Library Chair, Sharon Chinn had no report.
Summer Plein Aire Chairs, Mary Ellen Wolf and Donna Hartman are working on the list of places for us to paint.
Fall Trip Navigator, Sue Williams had no report.
Designer, Suzanne Maxwell, had no report.
New Business: Nominating Committee for the 2023-24 Board included Susan Yeager, Mary Ellen Wolfe, Shianne DeTamble and Jai W.
The new board is Joan Zivic, President; Vice President, Shirley Conrad; Secretary, Patti Brougham; Treasurer Linda Lippert.
Voted and passed are the following:
There will be a total of 6 exhibits per year
Members will pay $35 per workshop and non-members $50
The guest artist of the workshop will be paid $600
The juror for our annual show will be paid $250
Each member may enter 1 or 2 paintings per annual show for a fee of $10
Under discussion is how the sign up will be put in place for the workshops starting in September 2023. Right now it is left up to the digression of the workshop chairpersons.
Also starting a life drawing session after the business meeting. Participants will take turns modeling….no fee.
The various committees will need members to chair the position,
Challenge: Bring a painting of an old school house to share in April.
Respectfully submitted by Patti Brougham
PAINT BOX GUILD
FEBRUARY 1, 2023 BUSINESS MEETING MINUTES
Vice President, Shirley Conrad, called the meeting to order at 10:04 a.m. She reminded members that there are three more exhibits left in this year to hang your paintings. Each member must comply with with the PBG rules of hanging paintings in two exhibits and attend three business meetings per year.
Secretary, Patti Brougham, had the January 2023 business meeting minutes approved.
Treasurer, Linda Lippert, revealed a balance or $1796.13 as of this date.
$145.00 went for a new PA system.
Membership Chair, Richard Simpson, revealed there are five new openings in the membership.
Please contact Richard with names of artists who might be interested in joining.
Workshop Chair, Susan Yeager, announced February 15th workshop artist is Andy Mallen (canvasdcanines.com). She will be demonstrating how to paint an animal portrait in oil, however, workshop participants may use any media. She asks for artists to have an 8x10 xerox copy of your subject and Susan will send the supply list.
Remember each month at the business meeting, a new workshop will be announced for that month and members may sign up and pay. No Pay No Way can you attend.
Exhibit Chair Sub, Sue Williams, reminded members to add 20% to the price of your painting for each exhibit.
When dropping paintings off at an exhibit have your paperwork done. Sign your painting in and retreat.
Place the PBG exhibit card in the lower right hand corner of the framed piece. Secure the card to the back of the frame with packaging tape. To keep the card safe from being torn or crumpled in transport, grasp the card, pull it back behind the frame and attach it to the frame with putty.
There is a PBG exhibit now in the Parker Library
Roseann Gomez is hanging a show at the Goodson Recreation Center today, February 1st at 12:15.
Littleton Hospital exhibit is in April. The theme for this show is Spirituality. Please send a picture and specifics of the painting you are submitting to this show to Linda Libby by March 7th.
Belmar Library is in April.
Bemis Library is in May. It is our juried show.
St. Andrews Methodist Church will hang from June 16th -July 21st. The theme for this show is Spirituality.
Social Chairs, Nancy Cox and Joan Civic have reserved the Fox Hollow restaurant for our Spring
Luncheon in May. Details soon!
Refreshment Chair, Pam Mason, thanked Betty Carr and Jacquetta Green for today’s treats.
Spotlight Chair, Beth Narva, introduced Beth Collins for today.
Sunshine Chair, BJ McLean, has been busy sending cards to many of our members.
Facebook Chair, Connie Caufield, was not present.
Library Chair, Sharon Chinn, reviewed the book, Splash 6, which is in a series of watercolor painting books produced every year. Each book in our library has a color coded swatch that matches the color on the basket where it resides.
Webmaster, Suzanne Maxwell, has posted updates to our Guild’s Policies and Procedures on our website. Will post member’s paintings in our Member Gallery when she receives them. Please update your paintings
Summer Paint Outs Chairs, Mary Ellen Wolf and Donna Hartman are open to suggestions for our Wednesday summer plein air painting.
Fall Trip Chair, Sue Willlams, had no report.
Old Business -None
New Business- Approved an increase of $100.00 from $150 to $250 to pay to the artist who juries the entries to our annual juried show.
Approved an increase of $5.00 from $5.00 to $10.00 as the entry fee to our juried show no matter how many paintings are submitted by the artist.
Up for discussion: an increase in workshop cost per participant and an increase in the amount that is paid to our workshop teacher. These increases would be made to keep our Guild up to date with the increases in the cost of living.
Meeting adjourned - 11:30
Respectively submitted by Patti Brougham
PAINT BOX GUILD
JANUARY 4, 2023 BUSINESS MEETING MINUTES
Officers: President,Evelyn Rockett, called the meeting to order at 10:00am. Secretary, Patti Brougham’s November business minutes were approved. Treasurer, Linda Lippert, reported a balance of $3865.73 as of 11/30 2022.
Membership Chair, Richard Simpson, declared 35 active members as some of our members moved to Emeritus status recently. Please let him know of anyone who might like to join.
A new membership roster will be coming out so check to see if your information is current. Your information must be up to date !!!!! Let him know of any changes.
Workshops Nancy Smyth, as part of the shared chair with Susan Yeager, filled us in on the upcoming pastel workshop with Cliff Austin, Wednesday, January 18th. His theme is about color and what it does.
Nancy will send a recent document Cliff has put together to the whole membership. Materials needed will be sent to participants.
Exhibits Chair, Linda Libby, thanked all who helped with the hanging and taking down of paintings at El Meson. Sharon Chinn and Shianne DeTamble sold paintings. Parker Library hangs from January 21 - February 28. Time is 10:00am for both hanging and taking down. Send a picture and information to Linda by Sunday, January 8th so she can send that information to the library. Linda will be out of town for the months of February and April and needs help with paintings at Goodson and Belmar. May is our end of the season juried show at Bemis.
Parker Hospital Show, Spirituality, is set for April-June. The start of our new hanging season is at St. Andrews Church in June with the theme of Spirituality. Check the PBG website for details.
Discussed new way of attaching PBG painting information cards to your painting using silly putty instead of tape!
You can email Linda to check your status of paintings shown this year at (email@example.com)
It was decided upon at the meeting that a straight 20% is to be added to the price of your painting- all shows will be set this way so there is no wondering what the percentage will be per exhibit.
The PBG Luncheon party planners Joan Zivic and Nancy Cox received kudos for our Christmas Luncheon meal at Toast in December. Our Spring Fling will be at Fox Hollow Golf Course........details later.
Refreshments were provided by Linda Libby and Mary Ellen Wolf.
Spotlight: Mary Ellen Wolf shared her Art Journey with us as our Spotlight Person,
Webmaster, Suzanne Maxwell, asked that each member submit 4 of their paintings to be displayed on our PBG membership pages. Take photos with your iPhone and send them to firstname.lastname@example.org —update your photos please.
Also pictures of the paintings that won a ribbon in last year’s show 2022, need to be sent to Suzanne for the upcoming juried art show poster. The sooner the better!!!!!!!
Sunshine BJ McLean has been busy sending cards to some of our members. Let her know if one of our artists needs a boost!
Summer Paint Out planners Mary Ellen Wolf and Donna Hartman are getting things together for a fabulous summer of plein air painting.
Richard is sending information about a February charity event for the Church he attends. He welcomes paintings from anyone who would like to contribute.
High Line Place Care Facility is looking for someone to teach a art class. Contact Sharon Chinn for further information.
The Strata challenge is available to artists to sketch a picture every day— for a pit a month in September and January. Look for details on the Strata website.
Emeritus status and active member status are the only places one can be a member. See by-laws and policies for more information,
Respectfully submitted Secretary,Patti Brougham
PBG BUSINESS MEETING MINUTES FOR
NOVEMBER 2, 2022
November 2022- Paint Box Guild Business Notes paintboxguildlittleton.org
President, Evelyn Rockett, called the meeting to order at 10:00am. Secretary, Patti Brougham’s October business notes were approved.
Treasurer, Suzanne Maxwell (sitting in for Linda Lippert), reported a balance of $3387.13.
Membership Chair, Richard Simpson, has a full roster of 40 members. A waiting list has been started.
Workshop Chairs, Susan Yeager and Nancy Smyth, featured the upcoming November workshop artist, Steven Briggs whose medium is watercolor. He and his wife, Sue, will be present. A supply list will be coming. Bring photos of landscapes and people in cityscapes. Any questions call Nancy at 720-232-5510.
Starting in February, workshops will be announced monthly and sign up will be at the monthly business meeting. Workshop attendees will be registered for the workshop when the fee is paid. Susan Yeager is sending out the list of the future workshop instructors for the rest of the year— February-May—so members can decide monthly instead of having to register for three or four workshops at a time.
Exhibit Chair, Linda Libby, filled the year with upcoming exhibits. Each member has to fulfill the requirement of hanging a painting in two exhibits a year- the year being June- May
Check the Paint Box Guild website ( paintboxguildlittleton.org) for complete details:
November-December El Meson Restaurant
January-February Parker Library
April (pending) Belmar Library
April-August Littleton Hospital - theme of spirituality- photos of paintings will be submitted to Mary Williams.
May PBG Juried Show at Bemis Library
June-July St. Andrew’s Methodist Church- spirituality theme
September Malley Center
October Buck Center (pending)
November South Suburban Recreation Center
Social Chairs, Joan Zivic and Nancy Cox announced the December luncheon will be at Toast Restaurant at 11:30am. A menu choice was made and $24.00 covered the cost. A small painting gift exchange is happening-wrap your painting in Christmas paper and see whose painting you get!
Refreshment Chair, Pam Mason, thanked Merrie Wicks and Nancy Cox for the goodies. Spotlight Chair, Merrie Wicks (sitting in for Beth Narva) introduced Joan Zivic.
Sunshine Chair, BJ McLean , is busy sending cards. Let her know if you know of someone who needs to hear from us.
Webmaster, Suzanne Maxwell, updates the PBG website, so log in and find out what’s new.
Facebook Facilitator and Historian, Connie Cawfield, has the history of the Guild from 1972-2022.
Summer Paint Out Chairs, Donna Hartman and Mary Clark had no report. Fall Trip Chair, Sue Williams, is taking deep breaths.
Miniature Show, Sunday, November 6th from 8 to 1. Check website for details.
Commissions on sale of a painting-be sure to price your paintings to include a 20% commission that is asked by some venues. If the venue does not require a commission, 10%, goes to the Guild. More discussion is scheduled for our next meeting.
Merrie Wicks is collecting warm clothing in larger sizes for the Life Center. Please bring any donations to the luncheon.
Respectively submitted by Secretary Patti Brougham
Paint Box Guild Business Meeting Notes
October 5, 2022
President Evelyn Rockett called the meeting to order at 10:00am. Secretary Patti
Brougham’s September business notes were approved.
Treasurer Linda Lippert (Suzanne Maxwell) reported a balance of $3367.93. Rent paid to the Church $85.00 for the month.
Membership Chairperson, Richard Simpson, reported a full membership of 40 members, however, Pat Dahl will move to Emeritus status leaving one space available.
Workshop Co-Chairpersons, Susan Yeager and Nancy Smyth had their first workshop with artist Bill Enyart. Fifteen people attended. In October, Elizabeth Rouland will paint a still life in oil. Her website is elizabethrouland.com. A few spots are still available.
Exhibit Chairperson, Linda Libby along with Fredia Cox, related and put in writing for each member, THE GUIDELINES for HANGING a PAINTING in a PBG show. Please refer to your copy of The Guidelines for Hanging a Painting or check your manual you received when you became a PBG member. Paintings will be rejected in the future if guidelines are not followed. Restaurant El Meson is the November place to hang our paintings. Check the website paintboxguildlittleton.org for information. Koebel Library paintings will come down October 31st at 10:00am.
Buck Center paintings will come down October 29th and time is 10:00 am, however, this may change so check the website for updated information.
Facebook Coordinator, Suzanne Maxwell, will put information on our facebook page for members showing in places other than the PBG places. The artist is responsible for sending Suzanne the information to be posted - Who, What, Where and When.
Refreshments were provided by Sue Williams and Donna Hartman.
Spotlight Chairperson, Beth Narva, had no presentation.
Sunshine Chairperson, BJ McLean, was busy sending cards to many members. If you hear of a member who needs a card from us, let her know.
Social Chairpersons, Joan Zivic and Nancy Cox are busy securing a place for our Christmas luncheon. Toast Restaurant will be the location. See Christmas Luncheon page on the website for details.
Website Chairperson, Suzanne Maxwell, had no report.
Publicity needs a chairperson.
Historian, Connie Caufield had no report.
Library Chairperson, Sharon Chinn, explained our library checkout system for new members.
Fall Trip Chairperson, Sue Williams, declared our trip to Salida as successful. Many participants brought selections to share at this meeting.
Plein Air Painting Chairpersons, Maryellen Wolfe and Donna Hartman are busy planning for the summer paint outs.
New Business: artists presenting:
Richard Simpson and others online charity art auction for St.Francis
Cabrini- Saturday, October 8
Merrie Wicks- St. Andrews Church starting November
Sue Williams- Littleton Hospital
Roseanne Gomez and Monique Moore- Capital Tea
BJ McLean, Fredia Cox and Suzanne Maxwell- Bemis Library-
Welcomed new member Dorothy Fitzgerald, who enjoys painting in watercolor.
Linda Lippert is recovering from knee surgery.
Maria Bouzianne is limited in her activities. She is home and would love to hear from us.
The church secretary, Eleanor, restated that the Church door, where we enter, is to be locked at all times. Members may ring the bell, located at the right of the door or call Fredia Cox’s cell phone 303-229-7818 to be let inside.......Or knock on the windows in the room where we meet.
11:20 end business meeting BJ McLean and Monique Moore
Respectfully submitted by Patti Brougham
Paint Box Guild
Business Meeting Minutes
September 7, 2022
Meeting brought to order at 10:10 am by President Evelyn Rockett.
Introduced the 2022-23 Board: President, Evelyn Rockett; Vice-President, Shirley Conrad; Secretary, Patti Brougham; Treasurer, Linda Lippert.
Secretary- May business meeting notes approved.
Treasurer- balance at the end of August- $1538.35. Previous financial reports are available to see. The Church is raising our rent and that amount will be announced at the October meeting.
Membership Chair- Richard Simpson announced a full membership of 40 members. Pat Dall became an Emeritus Member. Connie Cawlfeld and Harry Postlethwait have returned and Dorothy Fitzgerald, Jacquitta Green and Gabriella Jaramillo are our newest members. A newly revised membership list is coming soon.
Workshop Chairs Susan Yeager and Nancy Smyth carefully selected a group of highly qualifed artists for this year’s workshops. Members signed up and paid for the first four selected teachers. Bill Enyart, oil, is on the FOURTH Wednesday, September 28th at 10:00am. The website will post the supply list about two weeks before the workshop or sooner. Check paintboxguildlittleton.org for details. Nancy Smyth can be reached at 720-2325510.
Exhibition Chair, Linda Libby (Fredia Cox)- due to an extensive list, it is best to check the website for specific details. The whole year is posted. There are two places listed for September 13- Koebel Library ( hanging ) and September 28-Community Credit Union- ( take down ) Also, members can get ideas for the “Spirituality” themed exhibits.
Refreshment Chair, Pam Mason, asked members to share a month with another member and bring treats to one of the business meetings. September was sponsored by Pam Mason and BJ McLean.
Spotlight Chair, Beth Narva, filled us with highlights of her life.
Sunshine Chair, BJ McLean is busy sending cards to members. Call her if you know someone in our membership who needs a card.
Website Chair, Suzanne Maxwell, reminded us of the website information: paintboxguildlittleton.org. If you are using your phone: to access the menu tap the three lines in the upper left side and the menu drops down. You can then find the information you need.
To access the membership list- password PBG123 is required.
In the Members Gallery each member may post four paintings. If you are replacing an existing painting with a new one, send Suzanne a message as to which painting you are replacing.
To take a picture of your painting (no glass in the frame) use your phone and send it to Suzanne at email@example.com.
Facebook Chair, Connie Cawlfield, posts our work on our PBG Facebook page. If you have a Facebook page you can ask to become a friend on our page and post your work.
Social Chairs are Nancy Cox and Joan Zivic. Thank you to Betty Carr and Cele Bergstrom for many years of chairing this event.
Library Chair, Sharon Chinn, had no report.
Summer Paint-out Chairs have two new faces: Donna Hartman and Mary Ellen Wolf. Thank you to Merrie Wicks and Shianne DeTamble for providing places to plein air paint this past summer.
Designer Chair, Suzanne Maxwell, will design a poster for the upcoming PBG Juried Show.
New Business: It was voted in that a PBG business year concludes at the end of May each year. Therefore the end of 2022 was May 31st.
11:20 Meeting adjourned. BJ McLean and Harry Postlethwait
Respectfully submitted by Patti Brougham